Your skin is your bodies largest organ and here’s why you should be looking after it correctly. Your skin acts as a barrier against bacteria, allergens and viruses. Without it, well… you’d be a gloopy mess. As it holds your body together, regulating your temperature, it controls the sensations related to touch, pressure and pain. Keeping your skin thoroughly hydrated will ensure its performance is optimal.

There is a total of five different skin types that befall on us humans. And it is important to understand exactly what type we have, so we can provide ourselves the best skincare regime to manage it. It is also important to edit your selection of products based on environmental and seasonal changes, stress and changes in your lifestyle too. Let’s break down the types.

Normal

The struggle is not so real for these types of lucky individuals. They are blessed with skin that is usually perfectly balanced. Facial groundwork that is not too dry and not too oily. Their pores in the skin are barely visible and complexion is radiant and evenly consistent. Because of the right balance in their skins pH you’ll find no, or few imperfections and very low levels of sensitivity across the tissue. You’ll find that more products can be used on the skin without it upsetting the tissue.

Sensitive

You’ll notice whether you have sensitive skin, if you are forever reacting to skincare products. But not only that, the weather and natural aggressors, pollution and your lifestyle can affect your skin. Signs include any abnormalities on the skin such as, itching, redness and burning, inflammation and dryness. It is possible to find what triggers your skin flare-ups are find a regime or lifestyle that offers you relief and comfort. Sometimes you’ll find it could be down to an allergy from food or one ingredient in your skincare products. Either way documenting what triggers you skin is a great way to narrow down what factor is causing sensitivity on the skin – just food for thought.

Combination

A type that many people have, which requires different methods to cleanse and re-balance out your skin. You’ll find it often in a confusing state, as you are battling dry, oily and normal skin in different areas across the face. The T-zone (which runs from your whole forehead, down the nose until the chin) is often where excess oils leave you skin shiny. Signs to look out for are visible factors on the skin itself, blackheads and pores that are enlarged across the face. Find facial products that are engineered to work and target specified areas. Only use the product on the area it is intended for. Using a product such as a sebum (oil) balancing cleanser, will mattify oily skin and minimise excess sebum production. But if used across skin that is already in a dry state, it will encourage itchiness and leave your skin tight. These areas you would use a cleanser that wouldn’t battle excess oils (where there are not), but one to secure the oils into the skin instead. Combination skin is all about balancing out the areas of the face with targeted treatments and maintenance.

Dry

With a surface moisture content that resembles the barrenness of an arid desert, welcome to the skin type that is Dry. Your skin will be noticeably stripped from any moisture and hydration. The skin itself is tighter, showing more visible lines. Dehydrated skin is less elastic, and you don’t get a bouncy dewy glow. Your complexion is duller and rougher looking. Patchiness on the skin will be itchy, red and inflamed. Dry skin carries the risk of cracking and splitting, which is painful. Split and cracked layers in the skin is upsetting at the best of times, but open wounds risk the encouragement of enhanced discomfort as products can leave a ‘stinging’ effect to exposed tissue. You will find that being dehydrated will just burden you with the harsh effects of dry skin. UV rays, environmental factors, such as heat, wind and the cold will dry out your skin. Indoor heating and taking overly long hot showers and baths again trigger dehydration. Dry skin also is affected by your genetic makeup and the natural aging process. Your hormones can often trigger, as well as ingredients found in cosmetics, soaps and medications. It is wise to investigate these things to make sure your product isn’t stripping essential oils from the skin when cleanser etc. SLS (Sodium Lauryl Sulphate) is a hugely common one to look out for and is usually top of the list in the ingredients section on most products: cleaning, skincare, haircare and personal hygiene. Using a nourishing moisturiser after bathing to lock in moisture to the skin. Find one that is rich and long-lasting, to safeguard you against moisture loss from the skins surface.

Oily

Shiny, reflective and blemish-prone skin are the results from those suffering with oily skin. It all comes down to excess sebum production deep in the layers of your skin. The build-up of oil can become a breeding ground for bacteria to thrive and cause blemishes and spots to form. Oily skin leaves your face with an unwanted shine that can become a daunting feature every day. Your pores will be enlarged across your face, especially areas down your T-zone. This leaves your complexion rather dull and residual looking. Hormones imbalances and puberty affect the over stimulation of oil production, producing volumes of unnecessary sebum. Its normal for the weather to play an impact on this as well. As the temperature increases, you’ll find too much heat or humidity on the skin will encourage production. Stress is a trigger too; this comes down to hormonal imbalances and your body reacting to them. Taking care of your skin to battle the oils can be an easy to-do task. There are several ways to negate this excess production. Washing your face twice a day using a noncomedogenic line of products will leave your pores unclogged. If you develop spots (pimples) leave them be, picking and popping them will just increase the time for recovery and encourage bacteria to spread, leading to further breakouts. Gentle cleansers that strip the skin of unnecessary oils are a great option as they don’t over-dry your skin. Its also important to note not to scrub the skin when cleansing too.

You skin changes all the time and its important to read the signs it gives to you adjust your lifestyle. Small changes can impact your skin dramatically and looking after your skin doesn’t have to be a chore. You’ll find an array of products specifically designed for each of the 5 different skin types. Do you research and you can provide yourself with the treatment necessary for healthier and more manageable skin.